We divide in search of materialistic gains. We divide in search of power. We divide when we try to dominate the world. And that’s how the world divides into two blocs. World becomes strong when it is united and it becomes weak if divided. Separation will give you pain and pang. It will weaken your base. It will damage the peace of the world. There will be chaos in every corner of the world. And this happens during the bipolar world.
The concept of bipolarity has significant implications for global order. Firstly, two rival powers cannot remain in equilibrium indefinitely; one has to surpass the other and therefore conflict is inevitable in a bipolar world and that is the greatest loss. In the emergence of power blocs, which arise as lesser powers fall under the influence of one or other of the superpowers. In this regard, global order is not stable during periods of bipolarity, but instead, warfare appears to be necessary for the resolution of rivalry between two superpowers. In this context, it seems fitting to describe a bipolar world as one that is in “dynamic equilibrium,” where the two sides are equal in power but one may achieve a higher power for a short time before the other matches that power again to re-establish the balance.
We have seen in the past that power rivalry lead to the bipolar world. And the world had divided into two blocs named Eastern and Western bloc headed by USRR and USA respectively. The first bloc was headed by USSR and it was also called Eastern bloc, Communist Bloc, Socialistic Bloc, Soviet Bloc. It includes countries in communist states, central Europe, Eastern Europe, East Asia, Southeast Asia. Their foreign policy depend on USSR .And the second bloc is called Western or capitalist bloc headed by USA. They called themselves Free World. The list of countries in this sides are Belgium, West Germany, Denmark, France, Spain , Portugal, and many more.
The next power rivalry will be between USA and China. These are the two candidates for the superpower. They have race for power rivalry. The comparative study of these 2 states will show that what’s going to happen next and which country will join which bloc? Come to economy first, GDP nominal of USA is $21.44 trillion and 21.44 trillion PPP, while China’s GDP nominal is $14.14 trillion and $ 27.31 PPP. In case of GDP PPP China is on top while in case of GDP Nominal USA is on top. Come to military, active and reserve personnel of USA is 1,281,900 and 811,000 respectively. And China’s active and reserve personnel is 2,300,000 and 8,000,000 respectively. China is dominating in case of active and reserve personnel, tanks, total artillery, soft propelled artillery, rocket artillery, fighter aircrafts, Frigates, Corvettes and submarine over USA. While USA is dominating in armored fighting vehicles, multirole aircraft, attack aircraft, helicopter, destroyers and aircraft carrier over China.
But according to the report of Financial times, technology not military power, will be the basis for this new global split . There is race for Artificial Intelligence, Quantum Computing, Autonomous vehicle and advanced computer chips. The most visible technological battle has been over 5G, the super-fast cellular networks that promise to be the foundation for tomorrow’s technologies. The U.S. government has taken extraordinary measures to try to thwart Huawei, the cellular-technology leader that Washington considers a cyber-security threat. The country is currently gearing up to release a 15-year blueprint — known as “China Standards 2035” — that will outline its plans to set the global standards for future technologies. In 2017, China announced ambitions to become a global leader in the field of artificial intelligence by 2030.
After seeing statistics, facts and figure of military, Technology and economy of both super power it is going to be a great battle in near future. Who will lead? Who will surpass? Who will win this battle? This is the burning question of current time. The one who will be on the top in case of technology, economy ,military and foreign relation will rule the world.
Disclaimer: The views expressed in the article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect Dunya News’ editorial stance.