The particle accelerator is the ground-breaking paradigm of particle physics. Though the Large Hadron Collider discovered the Higgs boson, Carsten Welsch elucidated how technology transforms into the creation of a new generation of compact particle accelerators with solicitations ranging from security to cancer treatment. The audacious and advanced concepts related to particle physics can impact our society to improve the way of our living.
The most imperative means through which particle accelerators can influence our society is through its applications in medicine. The superconducting wire and cable at the core of magnetic resonance imaging magnets are well known for decades . With the innovation in particle physics, new methodologies for the diagnosis and treatment of oncological diseases have evolved. The application of particle accelerators ranges from diagnosis using digital tomosynthesis, to treatment of various cancers, including but not limited to proton and ion beam therapy.
“The supreme art of war is to subdue the enemy without fighting.” Sun Tzu
For the nation’s security purpose, particle physic has an implementation in scanning shipping containers in ports to monitoring nuclear waste and explore particles for better civilian protection. The simplest form is the airport’s computerized tomography (CT) scanners, that can segregate the liquids and gels in handheld luggage during the check-ins. The emerging stationary array of micro X-ray emitters releases tens of thousands of views of a bag, generating images with meaningfully superior resolution in all planes than standard CT imaging. It makes it at ease to identify explosives quickly, without the need for a distinct screening practice.
Industrial application range from a variety of processes including food preservation, sterilize toxic wastes or polymerize plastics. Accelerators also play a pivot role in power engineering. Large scale Thorium energy derived accelerator is being proposed. Particle accelerators can incinerate nuclear waste and thus can lead to their effective disposal.
Further particle accelerator related innovations using high energy particle source are implemented in solid-state or material science. They have an imperative role in advanced research fields including synchrotron, pulsed neutron production and compact cyclotrons for positron-emitting isotope generation. As a source of radiation, remarkably, the synchrotron light provides complete information related to the chemical bonding in solids, gases and absorbing layers.
In the modern era, accelerators are now being considered to be paired to telescopes and can settle the issue related to cosmology and astrophysics. Our universe originated from a hot Big Bang. With time, the temperature declined, and the increasing energy of accelerators and colliders allows the physicist to study experimentally processes mimicking the origin of the universe.
To analyze and organize the unique real-time data generated in particle collisions, particle physicists develop cutting-edge computing technology, making strategic assistance to keys in computer science. Moreover, students who achieve their high standards in particle physics get employed in high-tech industry, financial institutions and information technology businesses.
Particle physics has achieved many milestones in the development of any nation, contributing to its well-being. Ranging from cancer treatment simulations, robust and reliable testing of nuclear weapons, the remedy of epoxies and plastics, and the industrial applications are just a prototype of the evolving slope of practical applications.
The article has been co-authored by Dr. Maimoona Siddique and Dr. Aitzaz Bin Sultan Rai
Disclaimer: The views expressed in the article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect Dunya News’ editorial stance.