Following the Sino-Indian standoff on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) that caused demises and injuries of many soldiers, India seems aggressive and it vandalizes regional security as well. It is not the first time that India has been in face-off with her neighbors, but since her inception, she has been in stalemate and fights with her neighbors – Pakistan, China, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. Fortunately, dispute with Sri Lanka and Bangladesh was resolved. But, despite various agreements, India’s clash with other neighbors still continues. De facto, India’s aggressive attitude will harm no one but itself.
Dispute with China
Since the recent standoff between China and India, both countries are putting allegations on each other that the opponent intruded in their claiming territory. Indian army sources said, during the night of June of 15 and 16, Indian soldiers encountered Chinese PLA troops close to Patrolling Point 14 in the Galvan Valley of eastern Ladakh. Indian army first told tally of deaths to 3, but later updated to 20. On the contrary, Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson, Zhao Lijian said, the clash erupted after Indian soldiers crossed the line; acted illegally, provoked and attacked the Chinese soldiers. Consequently, both sides engaged in physical conflict and injuries and deaths” he added,” he does not know any Chinese causalities, whereas, India claims killed at least 45 Chinese PLA soldiers.
Some experts are of the opinion that CPEC can be a possible cause behind the standoff, because it is part of the ambitious Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) of President Xi Jinping, valued at $60 bn. It’s dream to connect Xi Jiang region to Gawadar port via Azad Kashmir. However, it is now under threat.
Moreover, some experts opine that the reason behind reemergence of border issues is because the claim line has not been explicitly demarcated and if not resolved it can be possible rationale behind the future clashes.
Historically, Sino-Indian border dispute also kicked off 1962 war that had resulted in deaths, injuries and missing of thousands soldiers from both sides. Unfortunately, border line issue could not be settled.
Both countries should engage in diplomatic or military dialogues to reach its end.
DISPUTE WITH PAKISTAN
Since the independence of both countries, they have been engaged in frequent clashes. They have fought three wars and two of them are fought for Kashmir, which is deemed as bone of contention between two arch rivals: Pakistan and India. India has breached Line of Control (LOC) multiple times. It has violated air, land and naval sovereignty that resulted in thousands of deaths of civilians and armed forces. The issue was taken by Pakistan to various international platforms including United Nations, but India’s aggression is still on the peak.
According to Pakistan Military sources, this year, India has sent eight spying quad copter. One of them was shot down by Pakistan some days ago near Khanjar sector along the LOC that intruded 500 meters on Pakistan’s side LOC.
Pakistan has always extended hand of friendship towards India, but it has considered Pakistan effete and underestimated potential of Pakistan. Despite various clashes, Pakistan, last year, showed gesture of peace in shape of release of Indian pilot, whose jet fell down in Pakistan’s area.
DISPUTE WITH NEPAL
India has been also engulfed in border dispute with Nepal. On May 8, Indian defense minister inaugurated a new – virtually 80km long – road in the Himalayas, connecting to the border with China, at the Lipulekh pass. Nepali government protested as the road crosses through their territory. Nepal, then, deployed police force and called Indian ambassador in Kathmandu. Moreover, Nepal initiated a constitution amendment to formalize and extend its territorial claims over approximately 400 sq. km. As a sequel, bilateral relations are in worrisome.
Factually, the tilt has long roots going back to 1950s, as detailed in a deeply researched essay by Sam Cowan. There is also a second dispute with India in the Susta river border region. While not well-know, there is also possible issue at the eastern tri-junction with China and India state of Sikkim.
To sum up all, India’s aggression will harm itself not others and regional security will be perished. So, India should engage in diplomatic dialogues with her neighbors to skirt more stalemates in the region.
Disclaimer: The views expressed in the article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect Dunya News’ editorial stance.