“Global problems need global cooperation. Therefore, we should eradicate obsolete nationalist outlook because world peace and prosperity are associated with synergism”.
The world has been facing innumerable challenges like the rampage of COVID -19, economic recession, climate change, and US-China friction, but the most serious one in the current era is the emergence of Ultra-Nationalism: A parochial and narcissist mindset, which promotes racism, religious extremism, and fanaticism. Nationalism: A source of amalgamation and unity, emerged after the society came into existence. People shared their common issues like mutual defense from external threats and got relief through nationalism. Later on, it became the symbol of national integration, prosperity, and discipline. After that, many new states formed to solve common problems. Many writers, like Aristotle, endorsed the concept of nationalism and declared it as the base of a society. On the other hand, Muslim writers, especially Ibn e Khaldoon, gave his famous “Theory of Assabiya” in his Muqadmma, and he wrote that nationalism is just like a soul of society, and the social decay starts in the absence of nationalism. Nationalism provides basic social security, economic opportunity, and religious freedom. It has also blessed many states like Switzerland, Netherland, and Denmark, where people consolidate, and these states are considered prosperous in the whole world. But, the picture of disarray is displaced in some states like Afghanistan, Palestine, and Syria where we find the absence of nationalism. In those states, we see chaos, anarchy, and lawlessness because there is sheer political, economic, and social destruction. Although, the prospects of nationalism are undeniable its absence proves a threat to existence.
Nationalism becomes a lethal weapon when it turns into ultra-nationalism. In this scenario, people think that they are most superior, unique, and stronger than others. Politicians capture general public sentiments for their political motives. Here are a few slogans of ultra-nationalism like Trump’s” America First”, and Modi’s “Hindutva”. These are the popular slogans that are being used to earn populism and license for the exploitation of rights. Minorities are being targeted socially, politically, and economically. In Ultra National mindset, religion, creed, and ethnicity are the basic tools to enforce its superiority.
The recent racism wave in America and how Trump has cashed this opportunity is a billion-dollar question. White supremacist president flared up the situation and earned maximum support for elections. Different communities protested against systemic racism but authorities didn’t pay heed to resolve it. Trump has also decreased US involvement in foreign politics like withdrawal from the Paris climate agreement and the withdrawal of US forces from Iraq. He is generally reluctant to cooperate with the international community. America didn’t play its world leader role to curb the menace of Covid-19, due to its isolationist outlook. Trump’s “America First” slogan and immigrant strict policies are depicting the picture of his ultra-nationalist mindset.
In South America, Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro is a right-wing ultra-national leader and his rigid immigrant policies towards his neighbor countries, like Venezuela and Colombia, can destruct the whole region. During his election campaign, he promoted the slogan of nationalism and promised to fight against globalism. The Amazon fire tragedy and his anti-climate policies are the true pictures of his policies. He calls himself macho, xenophobic, isolationist, and a major denier of international cooperation. He claims that national economic policies and anti-globalization are his priorities. Brazil is the second-largest affected country due to coronavirus in the world, while he continuously denied global cooperation. His anti-globalization stance is proving to be deleterious for his own country.
Nationalism has always been a special feature of Europe’s political spectrum, but a recent boom in voter support for right-wing and populist parties is emerging in Europe. The emergence of Nationalism is clearly visible in the politics of Germany, Spain, Greece, and Hungry. In the UK, Brexit is a shining example of rising nationalism which will separate England from the European Union. According to The Guardian, “European Union’s decline has started, and it should be avoided”. Europe has already faced consequences of ultra-nationalism in the shape of WW1 and WW2, where national loyalties and political motives had engulfed the peace of the whole of Europe. In the Covid-19 period, Europe showed a dismal picture of unity and cooperation and faced a brutal rampage of the virus. Italy and Spain had faced the highest rate of fatalities in the whole region. On the other hand, France is also showing reservations on the European Union’s working structure. According to analysts, “France will be next member after Britain to leave Europe, and we will witness the decay of European Union in the name of nationalism”.
Now moving towards our region South Asia, which is also in immense danger due to extreme nationalism. Modi’s Hindutva extremist policies have flared up the whole region. Revocation of Kashmir’s special status, the Citizenship Amendment bill 2019, the India-China Standoff, border clashes with Pakistan, and open violations of human rights in India against other communities in India are a few examples of Hindutva ideology. Humanity is suffering in the world’s largest democracy, particularly Christian and Muslim communities are being targeted by Hindu Nationalist. According to The Print, “Nehru’s secular India is dying and Modi’s extremist Hindutva is emerging”. Bharatiya Janta Party, a right-wing nationalist party, earned two consecutive election victories on the basis of religious extremist and nationalist ideologies. Now his expansionist ideology is igniting the whole region and its consequences will be detrimental.
To conclude, it can be said that we are still in the middle of the pandemic. Therefore, we need cooperation, not segregation. This world needs a global solution instead of national supremacy. When a person is loyal with his family, caste, creed, and nation then why he cannot stay loyal with humanity?. The ultra-nationalist approach has raised innumerable questions. We will have to eradicate obsolete nationalist ideology. We have a global economy and science after the emergence of globalization. But, we are still stuck in national politics which is a disconsolate state. This world deserves mature and sincere leadership for the survival of humanity because it cannot endure more wars and bloodshed as we have seen in the previous two world wars.
Disclaimer: The views expressed in the article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect Dunya News’ editorial stance.