It was Athens, that common people belonging neither to the nobility and nor to the slaves had a say in the government echelons. The very idea of democracy stemmed from there as these commoners were known to be ‘Demos’ and hence the word democracy came to prominence. Democracy in simple words is the government of the peoples.
It has four pillars which are Freedom, Representation, Equity and Justice.
The contemplation of the contemporary times shows its downfall and it has led to an abyss with strong reservations upon its very existence. The main question that everyone encounter is: does democracy exist? Owing to the promises that it holds, it seems unlikely to be existing in the present day world. US being the champion of Democracy seems to be portraying the opposite picture as evident from its engagement in Iraq and Afghan war. Democracy seems to have become the tool of manipulation in the hands of the few, rather than the representation of the many. Socrates would strike against democracy in his first essay, The Apology, that a doctor being persecuted by a pastry chef and judged by a jury of children.
As Churchill said “Democracy is the worst form of government except for all those other forms that have been tried from time to time.” Though democracy might not fulfill the hopes that it instills in the peoples, but if it is present in its true essence, it can still bring about peace and prosperity.
Focusing on Pakistan it looks that democracy is infructuous as the demos is nowhere to be seen in the consideration of the ruling party. Democracy and politics has become more of a gamble for the success in elections regardless of the interest of laymen, or the essence of democracy. Democracy has become more of a power struggle than serving the peoples through representation.
The party upon which the fecundity of democracy and government heavily relies seems to be more concerned on the elections rather than mollifying the exacerbated conditions of the compatriots. Democratic parties of Pakistan are more of a mixture than having ideological harmony, debilitates the government, and paves the way for extra democratic forces intervention. The ‘De facto’ rule hence lies with the institutions having strong uniformity that inculcates the strength in them to challenge the ‘De Jure’ government.
Still to add to the already aggravating conditions of democracy particularly in Pakistan Is the lack of education. The fruits that democracy holds in euphonious, but they cannot be achieved without efficient legislation, the population being oblivion of their rights, and the politicians being unable to legislate the results of democracy are execrable.
Furthermore the main strength of democracy is population; if the population is aware of their due rights it can be fruitful otherwise it is fatuous that the mere name of democracy will ameliorate the situation. The laymen are more interested in infrastructure than basic rights which makes them fall into the appalling conditions of everyday life.
On the contrary as Churchill said “Democracy is the worst form of government except for all those other forms that have been tried from time to time.” Though democracy might not fulfill the hopes that it instills in the peoples, but if it is present in its true essence, it can still bring about peace and prosperity. The main focus should be citizens rather than preparing for the next election. The peoples should enunciate their demands and make sure they are heard in the government decisions. The political parties that are of fundamental importance should be ideologically coherent rather than a mixture of electables. Shortly the success of democracy lies in the successful legislation and good governance with the interest of the peoples in the spotlight.
To cut the long story short, it is said that a problem identified is a problem solved. To see how the democracy unveils in future rests on the eradication of growing ambiguity in the system. The question on the existence of democracy though, is still hard to answer for anyone.