From the chapter of problems in Pakistan, poverty is one of crucial social problem of country, every year rate of poverty increases and turn away country into several diverse social issues.
Childhood poverty varies from adult poverty from the point of view that childhood is the most vigorous period of physical and mental growth. Deficiency during childhood, in terms of factors such as nutrition, healthcare, education and sanctuary, even for relatively short stages, can have most important enduring, unalterable adverse consequences, on mental and physical development. These adverse cause upcoming adult poverty or inter-generational poverty diffusion. Main objective of development plan could be to elude childhood poverty and to confirm that children are protected from material and non-material deficiency. The term ‘childhood poverty’ includes the various forms of material and non-material deprivation knowledgeable by children. They had experience deprivations such as: insufficient nourishment and nutritious needs; lack of opportunities for human advancement through, Education, medicine, clean water, shelter and sanitation; lack of family and community structures that nurture and protect; and being powerless and lacking political voice. Childhood poverty would be measured using, where conceivable data on a comprehensive variety of aspects encompassed short income-poverty, health, education, careers’ time use, physical and social environment. Time poverty is very important with regard to children. Where parents work longer hours, and alternative sources of good quality care are unavailable, children had experience adverse effects in nutrition, learning outcomes, security and, more generally, adult attention. Children’s participation in the labor force is another important indicator of child well being. When adult members in the household fail to generate enough income, child labor becomes necessary for the survival. Child labor is one of the main reasons of child malnutrition. It has negative impact on physical and mental development of children. Child labor had been negatively related to income poverty. Child malnutrition deeply affected child health roots, and every year it kills 3.5 million children under five years old and impairs hundreds of thousands of growing mind. In Pakistan, the nutritional status of children under five years of age is extremely poor. Those nations who have economically strong, the ratio of the child labor and the shortage of the food are much less than those underdeveloped nations. Pakistan is a developing country and they are not economically strong so the ratio is so high in the Pakistan of child labor. The parents of those children forced their sons to work in the workshop to earn money. If the child rights laws will be implemented, the situation would be totally different in the country but our social institutions are so weak to implement the laws. The capitalistic class tried to dominate the resources and wants the labor to work for them in low wages. They had the exploiter and the labors the exploited class. Food is there in the food preserved houses but when food is in shortage, they didn’t distribute the grains in the poor. It is the negligence of the authority that deals with that department of the food. Human poverty approaches to understand the extent and the severity of child poverty in Pakistan. Besides child poverty, study analyzed the child nutrition situation in Pakistan. For individual countries, malnutrition’s total potentiating effects on mortality ranged from 13% to 66%, with at least three-quarters of this arising from mild-to-moderate malnutrition in each case. These results show that malnutrition has a far more powerful impact on child mortality than is generally appreciated, that strategies involving only the screening and treatment of the severely malnourished will do little to address this impact.
Increasing attention has been paid recently to the problem of protein and energy malnutrition in Pakistan and its effects on mortality and morbidity in hem dialysis (HD) patients. Protein deficiency has received more attention than other nutritional problems, largely because its consequences are more easily measured and large population studies have demonstrated the adverse effects of even small decreases in serum albumin on patient’s survival. Malnutrition is one of the social problems of Pakistan that has impaired the fabric of this society. Among others, there are some fundamental reasons that may be held responsible for the increase in this problem. Firstly, lack of resources to fulfill the basic needs of people in general. Secondly, the administration of resources is not well established that is putting fuel to the fire. In this regard, the recent drought that has badly affected the area and due to which a large number of casualties occurred; this was all due to the improper administration on the part of government. Thirdly, disparity between upper class and lower class are in a tough competition with each other. The former holds the means of production and buys the labor of the lower class and this is the reason why resources are not reached at the grass roots level. Fourthly, unemployment has sabotaged the people and hit them drastically. Fifth point is grief, loneliness, failing health, lack of mobility and other factors might contribute to unhappiness producing loss of desire for food. Government should make policies which are distributed the resources in poor children. Government should check the minimum basic requirements of basic life in the backward areas as education, health, and drinking water facilities etc. Government should introduce preventive measures to safe children from malnourishment types of disease. Basic facilities should be provided by the government to their people such as health, education, and job facilities so they could fulfill the basic needs.