The norms and customs of world politics are evolving with time which in turn brings transformation in world politics – from a violent world to a peaceful world. Charles Dickens writer of the French revolution wrote that “it was the best of times; it was the worst of times.” This may be true not only for French revolution, but of the entire era it heralded. It is especially true for the last seven decades after the World War II. For the first time human faced self-inhalation forces in the entire history. Yet the decade was also peaceful of political transformation, economic growth and social cohesion. The world faced two world wars, cold war, Vietnam war, American genocide, Rwanda genocide, Myanmar genocide, and from Robespierre to Lenin to Hitler. There is a truth here, but all the list of calamities is somewhat misleading. We focus too much on the one side of the story and neglect the other side.
Post-cold war era was most peaceful where inter-state war declined and civil wars increased dramatically. The liberal politics out throw the realpolitik notion of offensive power increasing and states was focusing more on economic growth than on military developments. The mercantilism of twenty first changed into liberalism lead economy-free trade economy and markets. The developments in agriculture, communication, transportation, and military technologies spark new dimensions of national interest of states. Francis Fukuyama even goes further to tell us that “The end of world history, liberalism is the only force to drive the world.”
The economic recession of 2008 once again changed the landscape of world politics and shook the base of liberal policies. Those cultures who share their norms and values come closer to each other, making alliances and confronting those with contrasting cultures. The clash of civilization, as Samuel P. Huntington contended that “while the age of ideology had ended, the world has only reverted to a normal state of affairs characterized by cultural conflict.”
The transformation of realpolitik to liberal politics to identity politics to protectionism has come a long way. The 2016 Brexit and the protectionist policies of US faded the advocacy of liberal politics, once the great advocates of liberalism-USA and UK. The warring state of war declining between states, and more and more states come closer to each other on cultural lines. The transformation will continue but the civil wars will disrupt the stable political systems of countries. Self-determination principal of UN, if not contain, will ensure the emerging of new states which in turn contribute to the global peace.