Discourse on US and North Korea

President Donald Trump has warned that the United States could at any time restart joint military exercises with South Korea and Japan if progress stalls on North Korean denuclearization and warned that “they will be far bigger than ever before.” This statement is given after the report of UN atomic watchdog which says that North Korea is continuing to develop its nuclear weapons programme, raising questions over the Pyongyang commitment to denuclearization. The commitment made by the North Korean supreme leader Jim Yun and US President Donald Trump at a historic summit in June, to work towards the “ complete denuclearization” of the Korean peninsula. The strategic announcement of US to destroy the North Korea completely and to curb the atomic assets of the Iran has again accentuated the fears of nuclear warfare in the region-Asia. The recent reconciliatory dialogues have kindled the hope of cordial relationship but now the circumstances are altogether different. Donald trump has reservations over the China-Russia-North Korean troika as well; President Trump appears to be blaming China for derailing a U.S-North Korea rapprochement, implying that it’s placing “tremendous pressure” on Pyongyang as a result of ongoing trade disputes between Washington and Beijing. There have been media reports that Chinese President Xi Jinping will visit Pyongyang for a military parade in September to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of North Korea.

There has also been speculation about an upcoming Kim meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Moscow, and possibly a trip to the U.N. General Assembly meeting later in September. “All these events favor North Korea in terms of further normalizing the North Korean dictator and painting North Korea as the peace-seeking party, while painting the Trump administration as the petulant party,” said Sung-Yoon Lee, a Korean studies specialist at Tufts University. In spite of economic sanctions and US warnings the time and again experiments and increase in nuclear facilities of the North Korea have become the reason of grave concern for the US and her allies.

The U.S. pivot to again pressure North Korea into taking concrete denuclearization measures has angered Pyongyang and Beijing, and could complicate Seoul’s efforts to reduce tensions on the Korean Peninsula through cooperation and economic engagement.  The North Korea has denounced all the pressures and rapidly working on increasing nuclear arsenal and ballistic missile capabilities, Arms control experts estimate North Korea has between 20 and 60 nuclear warheads and thousands of missiles.  Historically speaking, the US and its allies have not even thought that such kind of state which has remained circumscribed since half a century would become a nuclear power; North Korea has proved all the assumptions and calculations wrong.

Today North Korea has successfully maintained its doctrine of socialism and the reason behind this is the strong nuclear capability. The North Korea has not only become the owner of a strong nuclear defensive mechanism by disregarding all the international pressures—economic and security but she has also achieved a stable status among other nuclear powers. Therefore, she would not hesitate to pursue a nuclear warfare against US if the occasion calls for it. In past the North Korea has endured many international embargoes and sanctions but these have created no hurdles in the way of North Korea to acquire nuclear arsenals. There is no doubt that the North Korea which has remained in and confronted with a consistent warfare has not been able to sustain itself if she has not achieved a nuclear status. The nuclear arm race of the US and allies have pushed the Asian region into a nuclear warfare this is the reason that North Korea is busy in increasing her stockpiles. In 1945, US have attacked the two cities of Japan-Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the World War II, this incident compelled other countries to include in the nuclear race.

The controversial Treaty on the Non-Proliferation Weapons (NPT) prohibits non-nuclear weapon states parties from developing nuclear weapons. However, the NPT exempts five de jure nuclear weapon states (NWS) (France, the People’s Republic of China, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States) from this ban. These five states had tested nuclear weapons before the treaty was negotiated in 1968. This “exemption” is, however, countered with a legal obligation in Article VI of the NPT for the five nuclear weapon states to fully disarm. Three other nuclear armed states—India, Israel, and Pakistan—have never joined the NPT, but possess nuclear weapons. North Korea also possesses nuclear weapons, but unlike India, Israel, and Pakistan, was previously a member of the NPT obliged not to develop nuclear weapons. Until the fall of the Soviet Union North Korea has remained out of nuclear race but the collapse of socialism and the rise of capitalism has turned her strategic mindset towards acquisition of nuclear armaments. Idealism reverberates—all the nuclear powers should dismantle and abandon their nuclear assets to create, sustain and maintain peace in the world but the idealism propagates—all countries in the world should acquire nuclear parity to bring balance of power or equilibrium, on the other hand realism proliferates— the dominance of the powerful state or states. US has seriously concerned and threatened with the nuclear tests of North Korea therefore she has conditioned North Korea to dismantle all her stockpiles in an agreement but North Korea has asked for a security guarantee in return of denuclearization which has halted all the reconciliatory efforts and once again the threat of nuclear warfare is looming over Asia.

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