Just by glancing over the pictures of ordinary people from various countries bordering Pakistan, and comparing them with the people I’ve lived within 4 provinces and two administrative zones here, I’ve discovered the following :-
No major population group in Pakistan has come from Central Asia, except maybe people of Gilgit-Baltistan (GB). One Hazara pocket in Quetta city is also ethnically Uzbek. I base this inference from the fact that slanted-eyes typical of central Asian Turkmen, Tajik, and Uzbek are nowhere to be found in Pakistan. So, the myth of ALL Pakistanis being raiders from Central Asia is hereby debunked. Wait, I have more…
Only the people of Gilgit-Baltistan have the mongoloid look that is partly central Asian. Their ancestors could have marched right across the Pamirs or Kashghar in China.
KhyberPakhtoonkhwa (KPK) people look more like Afghans and Afghans themselves are of Irani origin. People in the cities are more Dravidian looking probably natives of India. The tribal people look very much white-Turkish. The white-turkish could be from Greece with their sharp noses. Pashto has its origins in Iran, therefore, most likely Pakistani Pashtuns originated in the corridor that runs from Iran to Turkey.
Balochis have an Arab look. The Brahui speaking ethnicity looks Dravidian; Also, because, Brahui language of the natives has 15% Dravidian words. It is possible that some Baloch have Arab genes considering Balochi dialect is spoken in Arab Peninsula too. History says Umayyad rulers raised a Baloch army to fight Local Indian rulers in the 7th century. The ethnicity of Sardars of Balochistan is an exception to this conclusion, but they are too much of a minority to be considered for this study.
Punjabis are Indo-Aryans, settled in the Punjab (5-river) area of Indus valley for millenniums’. They have a unique local look – nothing imported. Their Punjabi is considered to be derived from Indo-Aryan Sanskrit of BC times. The ethnic Punjabi looks very much indigenous as well. Invaders from Persia and Afghanistan have mixed up the gene pool in the northern part. No wonder Punjab is the birthplace of Buddhism, Sikhism & the Kanphata sect of Hinduism.
Sindhis are also indigenous to the area considering Mehrgarh & Mohenjodaro settlements date back to BC times. They have experienced bouts of paganism, Hinduism, a sikh variant of hinduism and then Islam. So, when a sindhi says he wants to chill for the day, he means ‘whats the hurry, we aren’t going anywhere?’
Kashmiris are a combination of Irani and Dard people. The Dard ethnicity is concentrated around North Pakistan and North East India and most likely has European origin (just across Bosphorus). The Kashmiris are definitely not central Asian because the people of the valley don’t have mongoloid features. The Kashmiri ancestors have definitely come from the South Side, not the north. They have been Snake-worshippers to Brahmin to Kshatriya to Buddhist to Islamic, over the centuries.
It’s safe to say most of Pakistani ethnicities are originated in Iran but have been heavily mixed with the local gene pool. Punjabis are the largest indigenous group. Furthermore, the Turkish origin people that travelled across Iran to settle in the higher lands have their ethnicity the most well-preserved, thanks to their remote reach. The races around the Kabul-Delhi trade route are so mixed that a fix on their origin would not be possible.
Disclaimer: This is my research; any additional information I might have overlooked may kindly be conveyed to me.