Jinnah’s Pakistan and Today’s Pakistan

Either Quaid-e-Azam wanted an Islamic state or a state where Muslims have political freedom. The answer is still vague and equivocal.

Let’s jog our memory to remember when the idea of Two Nation theory reverberate every nook and corner in the Subcontinent.

In 1937 elections, Muslim League was forfeited; it could secure only 104 out of 489 Muslims seats under a separate electorate reserved only for Muslims. Congress won the elections hands down. On 22 Sep 1939, Congress resigned from their seats over the issue of not taking into confidence by the British regarding their involvement in World War two. Resignations proved a blessing in disguise for Muslims; Quaid started to consolidate Muslims & within a year, on 23 March 1940, Muslims presented Lahore Resolution at Minar-e-Pakistan. In 1945-1946 elections Muslims fared well. The Britain had to suffer huge economical loss at the end of the war. At least, British relinquished power in India. Pakistan & India came into being as an independent nation.
On 11 Aug 1947, at his first address to Constituent Assembly Jinnah uttered his famously words:” You are free; you are free to go to your temples. You are free to go to your mosques or to any other places of worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion, caste or creed—that has nothing to do with the business of the state.”

Jinnah also fanned out ministries to Non-Muslims. Sir Muhammad Zafarullah Khan was an Ahmadi Pakistani jurist who served as the first Foreign Minister of Pakistan. Jogendra Nath Mandal was the first law minister of Pakistan. On the death of Quaid-e-Azam, Mandal said: “Fate has ruthlessly taken Quaid-e-Azam from us at a time when he was most needed. Jagan Nath Azad, a Hindu, wrote Pakistan’s first anthem, reportedly at the request of Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah.

If Jinnah wanted an Islamic state, he would not have to appoint Non-Muslims to important posts. After his death, Pakistan veered to another path of its identity.

Pakistan was created to free them from the oppression and persecution of the majority groups, the Hindus. Today, in the same Pakistan there is too much rancor for the minorities that they have an iota of security. It has become easy to use the name of religion for own vested interests. It is uncouth attempt to mutilate the name of religion and delude people.

Most recently, a student at National Art Council, Qatab Rind was killed over dispute on the payment of rent. When police arrested the suspects, they leveled allegation against him that he committed a blasphemous remark. Last year, a 17 year old sweeper Shazad Masih was arrested by police when a member of a Tahreek-e Tahafaz Islam Pakistan Party, allegedly charged him of using blasphemous remarks.

Imran Khan, Prime Minister in-waiting, also run his campaign on Khatam-e- Nabuwat issue. Tahreek –e-Labeek, formed after the assassination of Mumtaz Qadri secured 10% of vote in Punjab, the largest province of Pakistan. The quantum leap of votes in the newly formed party should be of great concern for those who wanted to mainstream the banned and extremists parties.

Too much hatred and bigotry by using the name of religion is unfavorable for Pakistan. Such rhetoric conferred only short-term gains. Humanity should be avowed in larger prospect than religion. We should have a catholic and indiscriminate approach where everyone can have some space to live in.

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  1. Abida says

    Well done Maria
    This topic is most important for us.Being a Pakistani ,being a Muslim we concentrate this topic. I appreciate you

  2. Rohail says

    Indeed, its a good piece of writing. It is true that, minorities must have their right to freely perform their rituals and to adopt professions according to their aspirations. It is also a fact that religious bigots inflicting state and society. However, relating all this to Islam is not correct. Islam was the very basis and its ideals served as a motivational force behind struggle for Pakistan and it is Islam infact, that provide the foundation of “two nation theory”. In 1946, at Islamia College Quaid-e-Azam said ” We do not demand Pakistan simply to have a piece of land but we want a laboratory where we could experiment on Islamic principles”. His number of other quotes clearly shows that he wanted to have Pakistan an independent Muslim state. But taking wrong interpretation of Islam propagated by extremist groups and saying that Islamic state does not ensures rights of non-muslims is not based on facts.

  3. tar says

    The article seems to misguide the masses regarding the purpose behind creation of Pakistan and views of Quaid-e- Azam forgetting that there were other leaders also not just the Quaid. Anyway, what we should focus on is what the people wanted and voted for and not what was in the brain of a leader. Simply stated people were behind the slogan “La Ilaha Ilallah, Muhammad Ar Rasool Allah”….I am sure everyone will agree with this fact and there is no secret in it. Now the question arises where do “Ahmadis” stand in this context…for sure no where as they would not be called “Ahamadis” in the first place if they believed in the “kalima tayyaba”. Regarding the point that the first Foreign Minister and other important ministries were Ahmadis does not mean that the purpose of creation of Pakistan was different than that of an Islamic state. This is the same as saying that since the mayor of London is a Muslim, so Britain was created for an Islamic State. I am sure this is not the case……

  4. Ali says

    Non-Muslims held high positions in many Islamic civilizations since the arrival of Islam. To say that Jinnah wanted a secular Pakistan simply because he posted non-Muslims to high positions is to ignore historical facts about the Independence movement. What is overlooked by many people with this view is that Allama Iqbal, the nation’s philosophical founder, strongly focused his poetry towards the revival of Islam and motivation of Muslims. Consequentially, Pakistan became an Islamic state because it was created to first and foremost, preserve Islam and Muslims, and then act as a gathering point for a religiously diverse population. We need to tolerate minorities not in the name of secularism but because Islam commands us to.

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