Pakistan is suffering from climate-changing effect. In 2010, we have witnessed a flood that still haunts us and those who suffered from it are still recovering from that disaster. The effect of such climate disasters are very catastrophic for a developing nation and it takes a long time to recover from it.
Pakistan is at 7th number in the list of countries suffering from climate change. This change in the climate possesses a threat not only for Pakistan but for the world as well. As the climate is changing day by day – which is harmful to everyone on this planet – it is constantly giving us signals about its mass destruction abilities through the different type of natural disaster.
This climate change is melting our glaciers down in Himalayan and its melting rate is increasing with each passing day. It is also affecting our timing of monsoon season and the strength of rainfall in this season which is directly affecting our agriculture sector and energy sector as our agriculture sector and farmer are financially very weak. They are not adaptive to rapid changes. As result, their productivity and efficiency are decreasing and their output is being affected. Our farmers are uneducated and they don’t have any knowledge of geographical and demo-graphical changes so it is necessary that we give them information about changing pattern of the weather so they can plan accordingly.
Due to climate change, people are migrating and this migration is taking place from environmentally fragile areas of Pakistan. This climate change migration is producing environmental refugees for which the government of Pakistan has to formulate the strategies and make the policies in a way which will help these migrants. This issue must be addressed properly so that the migrants who are facing the socio-economic problem and health problem are resolved. This problem must not be taken for granted because this is a humanitarian issue and the better policy must be introduced in accordance with it.
As we are living in an era of industrialization and the industries are developed all over the world. These industries are focused on mass production and as a result, these are emitting gases which have a high temperature. These gases are called greenhouse gases. When these gases are emitted into the atmosphere they lead to global warming and our climate changes. The environmental scientists have said that if these emitting gases are not reduced then the global temperature will be raised in future from 1.1 to 6.5-degree centigrade. The major industrialized countries which are contributing to global warming are United State, Canada, Russia, Germany, United Kingdom, Australia, Korea and Japan.
The truth is that the developing countries and underdeveloped countries are not responsible for this climate change and these countries contribute only 10 percent in the emission of carbon dioxide in annual emission but these least developed or developing countries are highly affected by this climate change. The reason behind this is their geographical location, socioeconomic factors, and many other factors as well. Pakistan is facing the similar situation. Our country only emits 0.43 percent of greenhouse gases which is nothing as compared to other developed countries and comes at the 135th number in the world for emission of carbon dioxide and yet it is at 7th in the world among those countries which are facing changing climate problem.
In Pakistan, the main reason for climate change is deforestation. Trees are responsible to reduce 50 percent of carbon dioxide from the environment. We have to plant new trees in our forest and in our cities so that this threat of climate change can be minimized. According to report 13 million hectares of forests all around the globe are cut down yearly.