The current rankings of the Times Higher Education (THE) World University are undeniably hurting for a patriot Pakistani. Only four Pakistani universities made it to the top 1,000 compared to seven last year. It gives a notion that in education, Pakistan is on reverse track.
The sixth most populous country in the world has one of the most unequal and worse education system. Just like social classes, the Pakistani education system is also divided into three categories: rich, middle class and poor.
The rich class which is around 10 percent of the total population receives the most favorable education. They study in standard English medium which meets all the international needs. Educated from this system can speak, write, and even think in English. As a result, they get brighter opportunities to showcase their talent, because they have learned all the expertise of international standards.
Students of remote areas continue to get the education in scarce educational resources.
The second class which is middle and below the rich receives a semi English type of education. Parents admit their kids in semi English medium institutes because they can’t afford totally English medium schools. Learners of this system of education succeed in many walks of life but they can’t compete with those educated from total English medium.
Education is the sole possible way through which a person can get a good job. These unequal education systems create an imbalance in society. Due to this different standard of education, the rich get richer.
When there is a syllabus according to the financial condition of a society then the future generation will remain same as ancestors. People who have resources will buy the education of high standards and underprivileged will remain unable to change their conditions.
At present, the Pakistani nation is not getting the education they are buying it. Many brilliant students of remote areas are restrained to get the higher education. Poverty restricts them. The government of the sixth most populous, and the first Islamic atomic power, has been failed to reform its education sector since its independence. The evidence of authority’s slumber is the United Nation’s Global Education Monitoring Report 2016. This report unveiled that “Pakistan’s education is 50 years behind the world.” So, how it can be expected that universities of a country whose education is 50 years behind world would mark in the top 1,000 of the world.
Reforms in the education sector, equal academic resources, especially equal syllabus can revive the education system. Pakistan needs to bring an education emergency a sort of “Zarb e Azab” in literacy sector, and this emergency should be equal for all social classes.
Majority of Pakistanis lives in rural areas, where education of city’s level is scarce. Population resides in remote areas feels hardships in accessing the educative opportunities. The government must take prompt steps so that a balanced approach to education be adopted. Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) can help the government in initiating these steps because NGO s have a broad access towards remote areas.
In the education sector, Pakistan also needs to fill the gender gap. Women are nearly the half of Pakistan’s population so authorities must concentrate on education for all women. The literacy rate isn’t high because half of the population which are women has only 30 percent ratio education. Girls can’t get the education because of early marriages, society’s emphasis on girls’ modesty and over protection. Besides other problems, Pakistan must focus on girls’ education which is as important as man’s.
The government should start from rural areas where majority of the population lives. When the rural areas would get equal academic opportunities, literacy rate would automatically escalate. The current approach to education would only benefit rich or upper middle class which is merely thirty percent of Pakistan’s population.
If academic reforms like the equal syllabus and educational opportunities for girls, boys, rich, and poor remains missing from education sector then Pakistan’s universities could skip even the list of top 5,000 in the world.