Education is the most important ingredient for the development of a nation. It plays a vital role in the progress of nations and without it we inevitably fail to form an effective state. It also raises the productivity of individual citizens.
Everyone desires a good quality and affordable form of education. It is a public right of the citizen of any country to get free education. However, the situation of education in Pakistan is not very encouraging.
In the Economic Survey of Pakistan (2016-2017)the literacy rate declined from 60 percent to 58 percent. In Balochistan the literacy rate has fallen from 44 percent to 41, while Punjab declined from 64 percent to 59 percent and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa from 54 percent to 53 percent. Only Sindh remained stable at 48 percent. In cases where the urban areas have a 74 percent literacy rate, the rural area rate drops to 49 percent. Currently, Pakistan spends 2.3 percent of GDP on education which remains lower than all other countries in the region. For purposes of comparison we see that Afghanistan is allocating 4 percent and India is allocating 7 percent of its GDP on education.
Moreover, Pakistan has a lower literacy rate than Iran, Nepal, Srilanka, and Burma. The survey showsPakistan’s aim to increase the flows of resources to the education sector by ensuring proper and timely utilization of funds in order to achieve the target of 4.0 percent of GDP by 2018.
However, Pakistan’s situation is worse because of low enrolment rates at the primary level. Teachers are not trained and don’t even know the basics of teaching. Outdated syllabi and many other problems need to be faced by the Government. It is their responsibility to take a solid step to remove flaws from our education system. There should be equal education for every child of Pakistan whether poor or rich. If our education system gets stronger we can hope to become economically stronger and a more stable country.