Democracy is about institutional reforms, not mere public voting

Democracy is a government of the people, by the people and for the people. It’s a process whereby a political party or individuals are backed by a group of like-minded constituents to implement a given policy. Politicians are voted into office to make laws for the state institutions to perform and advance a specific agenda.

Public voting is the pivot around which the concept of democracy revolves, but democracy is not merely about holding elections periodically to distribute powers among political parties according to their electoral strength. The ultimate aim of this whole exercise is to strengthen the state institutions and to govern the masses according to their wishes.

Democracy is an ongoing experience that never finishes. It is both a process and a goal. It can only be strengthened and sustained by developing state institutions. Strong, autonomous and clearly mandated institutions such as civil service, the judiciary, independent electoral system and other local institutions need to be developed in order to play a role in the development and maintenance of democratic culture.

In our political system, individuals and political parties seem to be more important than the state and its institutions. We have seen examples where the laws were made for the sake of personalities instead of state or its institutions. Amendment in Election Bill 2017, which allows a person disqualified from holding public office to head a political party, lifting the ban on third time prime minister-ship and chief minister-ship through Eighteenth Amendment and the famous National Reconciliation Ordinance (NRO 2007) are the examples to quote a few.

State institutions must be strengthened rather than individuals. A strong and efficient legislature, independent judiciary, implementing departments and powerful bureaucracy are more important than leaders’ personalities. These institutions provide a check and balance, and help running the government’s business smoothly even in the face of a less-than-competent leader.

Our institutions are weak, judiciary not completely independent, and bureaucracy being paralyzed by political interference and shuffling with changing political regimes. Even after seven decades of independence, what we see around are ill-equipped schools and hospitals, corrupt political regimes, bad governance, nepotism, lawlessness and lack of accountability.

Our political parties have always misguided the public about democracy. Whenever our political parties are in trouble, they start pleading about the danger of democracy and derailing of whole system. Actual democratic disorder doesn’t lie in the threat to the government of a political party but in weakening of state and its institutions. Political parties should keep their political disputes in political fray and avoid dragging the institutions into their political domain for the sake of their own interests.

Our civilian governments have harmed democracy more than the dictatorships combined. Instead of supporting and strengthening democratic institutions, political parties seem to be at war with the institutions of democracy. At times the government and opposition seem to be systematically defaming the institutions of accountability and justice.

Where the political governments are corrupt and not following democratic norms, the benefits of democracy in the form of institutional reforms and good governance will not be visible. Democracies in the western developed countries have become strong through an evolutionary process. We have yet to learn a lot of things and institutional reforms may be the beginning to start from.

Democracy should bring lawfulness, peace, development and prosperity. If this democracy cannot fulfill the wishes of public and is unable to serve the masses according to their wishes, the exercise of public voting will be fruitless and people will lose their faith in democracy. Then the slogans of ShukriaRaheelShareef and Ye Janay Ki Baatain Janay Do will be inevitable. Strengthening institutions and improving the quality of governance is the only way that can hopefully restore some level of confidence in masses and the public can have some faith in the democratic system.

You might also like More from author


  1. Rameez says

    Vote for PTI, vote for Pakistan.

  2. Xalman says

    Political parties will not like to promote institutions. Otherwise Punjab and Sindh police will not work to protect the leaders of ppp and PMLN. No one is working for state but for personal interests

    1. Jaxaid says

      Not only police. All institutions of civil service are to be blamed.

  3. Adeel says

    Well said

  4. Atif says

    Good read…. however political parties are not solely responsible for this turmoil.

  5. Minhas says

    PTI is only option to strengthen the institutions and end corruption.

    1. Bilal says

      What PTI has done in KP to strengthen institution? All institutions are same like before.

  6. bilal says

    Well said..

  7. Umair Habib says

    Very well said

  8. Jaxaid says

    Well said, however only political parties are not responsible for destabilizing institutions. Judiciary and bureaucracy are equally responsible

  9. Jeff says

    Democracy is a government of the elite, for the elite and by the elite.

  10. Imran says

    You can’t only blame democracy for everything. We don’t utilize it the way it should ‘ve been.

    1. Ordinary Civilian says

      Public at large is equally to be blamed. Their is no culture of institutions building at any level

  11. Ordinary Civilian says

    Dictatorship is not the alternate. We will have to manage with this democracy whatever it is doing. In our history or else where in this world, not a single country prospered under dictatorship. Dictators have their own agendas to promote, they donot think about promoting the country or nation

    1. M. Hameed Khawaja says

      Is this really a democracy led by Nawaz league and Zardari party?? I don’t think so. This is dictatorship and that too in the worst form .

  12. Iftikhar Ali says

    Good people should come forward to serve public and reconstruct institutions. Merit and transpirency should be there.

  13. Iftikhar Ali says

    System should be improved. Basic necessities of people should be fulfilled. Education, police, health should be for everyone. Transparency should be there. And the only hope is Imran Khan and PTI.

  14. Farman Khan says

    I do not believe in that electoral system at all.. People With Wisdom , proper education ,Ethics should Govern the country and the process should be developed for the selection of Such people..

  15. Bilal says

    Vote for PMLN and it will make the institutions strong.

  16. Adeel says

    Supreme court has created a constitutional crisis by removing the prime minister.

  17. M. Hameed Khawaja says

    Who needs decomracy when we already have monarchy and kingship in the form of Nawaz league and Zardari party.

  18. Syed Aqil says

    Very well written and good analysis. Excellent

  19. Dr Hashir Amin Malik says

    I agree with you wholly Waseem how you elaborated Cult Following in Pakistan with reference to NRO 18th Ammendment & Electoral Reforms Bill 2017

  20. Kashif Khalil says

    Even dictatorship was better than this pseudo-democracy. Everyone is busy in looting Pakistan and their self interest seems to be much important than the interest of Pakistan.

  21. Sadia Ahmed says

    But when you have bad governance, of course, these resources are destroyed: The forests are deforested, there is illegal logging, there is soil erosion. I got pulled deeper and deeper and saw how these issues become linked to governance, to corruption, to dictatorship. – Wangari Maathai

  22. Marria Azeem says

    The legislator should direct his attention above all to the education of youth; for the neglect of education does harm to the constitution. The citizen should be molded to suit the form of government under which he lives. For each government has a peculiar character which originally formed and which continues to preserve it. The character of democracy creates democracy, and the character of oligarchy creates oligarchy.

  23. Murshad says

    Yes. PMLN and PPP will develop state institutions. Keep on dreaming fiend.

Leave A Reply

Your email address will not be published.